Diagnosis & Treatments


Lymphedema refers to swelling that generally occurs in one of your arms or legs. Although lymphedema tends to affect just one arm or leg, sometimes both arms or both legs may be swollen. Learn more >>

Venous Stasis

Venous stasis, or venostasis, is a condition of slow blood flow in the veins, usually of the legs. Venous stasis is a risk factor for forming blood clots in veins (venous thrombosis), as with the deep veins of the legs (deep vein thrombosis or DVT). Learn more >>

Venous Stasis Ulcers

There are two important (and sometimes indistinguishable) causes of venous stasis ulcers. One half to two-thirds of venous stasis ulcers result from progressive disease of the leg veins. The course of such disease is predictable: it starts with the development of varicose veins caused by refluxing of blood within the veins due to incompetent valvular structures.  Learn more >>

Chronic Venous Insufficiency

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a condition that occurs when the venous wall and/or valves in the leg veins are not working effectively, making it difficult for blood to return to the heart from the legs. CVI causes blood to “pool” or collect in these veins, and this pooling is called stasis. Learn more >>

Stasis Dermatitis

Stasis dermatitis is a red itchy rash on the lower legs. It occurs after long-term swelling of the lower leg, usually from poor blood circulation. Learn more >>


Pain and swelling in the affected limb are among the most common and debilitating symptoms of deep-vein thrombosis (DVT). On diagnosis, a patient will often be given specific treatment to relieve these symptoms, as well as anticoagulant therapy to tackle the underlying blood clot. Learn more >>


Cellulitis (sel-u-LI-tis) is a potentially serious bacterial infection of your skin. It appears as a swollen, red area of skin that feels hot and tender, and it may spread rapidly. Learn more >>


Phlebitis is an inflammation of a vein, usually in the legs. When phlebitis is associated with the formation of blood clots (thrombosis), usually in the deep veins of the legs, the condition is called thrombophlebitis. These clots can travel to the lungs, causing pulmonary embolisms that can be fatal. Learn more >>


Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), commonly referred to as peripheral artery disease (PAD) or peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD), refers to the obstruction of large arteries not within the coronary, aortic arch vasculature, or brain. PVD can result from atherosclerosis, inflammatory processes leading to stenosis, an embolism, or thrombus formation. Learn more >>

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are gnarled, enlarged veins (blood vessels) close to your skin’s surface. The word varicose comes from the Latin root varix, which means “twisted.” Any vein may become varicose, but the veins most commonly affected are those in your legs and feet. Learn more >>


Mastectomy is the medical term for the surgical removal of one or both breasts, partially or completely. Mastectomy is usually done to treat breast cancer; in some cases, women and some men believed to be at high risk of breast cancer have the operation prophylactically, that is, to prevent cancer rather than treat it. Learn more >>

Swelling & Edema

Abnormal buildup of fluid in the ankles, feet, and legs is called peripheral edema. Learn more >>

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